Ear Problems

Common Problems of Ears and Parotid Glands:

 

 

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo , deafness , diagnostic tests for deafness , diseases of the salivary glands , external otitis , Meniere's disease, miscellaneous other ear diseases , mumps , otitis media , parotid gland stones , parotid gland tumors

 

 

Introduction:

As already mentioned in the introduction to the ear/nose/throat chapter a blocked eustachian tube does not allow ventilation of the middle ear through the eustachian tube, which is crucial for the health of the middle ear. A picture of the complex anatomy regarding the middle ear and the eustachian tube can be seen through this link.

This site shows that at the end of the ear canal is the ear drum, which separates the middle ear from the outer ear as long as the ear drum is intact. From the middle ear the eustachian tube connects to the back of the throat. This connection is important as the pressure inside the middle ear is equalized through this mechanism and the fact that with every yawning, swallowing or laughing the eustachian tube opens for a split second. This is enough to equalize the pressure. With pathological conditions such as viral illnesses, allergies, scarring from previous infections of the eustachian tubes (adhesions) the ventilation mechanism is disturbed. This eustachian tube dysfunction leads to a vulnerability for further recurrent infections of the middle ear. Enlarged adenoids that are close to the entrance of the eustachian tube in the back of the throat can also cause a lack of ventilation.

Home Page ENT Overview Ear Problems Other Ear Diseases

 

 

Miscellaneous other ear diseases: acoustic neuroma , benign paroxysmal positional vertigo , mastoiditis , menieres disease , presbycusis , tinnitus , vertigo (dizziness)

 

Home Page ENT Overview Ear Problems Other Ear Diseases

 

 

Diseases of the salivary glands:

You may find it strange that I would deal with diseases of the parotid glands in a chapter of ear diseases. As complications with these diseases are dealt with by ENT specialists, it felt quite logical that it would be placed in one of these 3 ENT chapters. Here is an overview.

 

 

Diseases of the salivary glands: mumps , parotid gland stones , parotid gland tumors

 

Home Page ENT Overview Ear Problems Other Ear Diseases


 

 

Disclaimer:

This outline is only a teaching aid to patients and should stimulate you to ask the right questions when seeing your doctor. However, the responsibility of treatment stays in the hands of your doctor and you.

References:

1. The Merck Manual, 7th edition, by M. H. Beers et al., Whitehouse Station, N.J., 1999. Chapter 84.

2. Noble: Textbook of Primary Care Medicine, 3rd ed.,2001, Mosby Inc.

3. The Merck Manual: Middle and Inner Ear Problems

4. Rakel: Conn's Current Therapy 2001, 53rd ed.,2001, W. B. Saunders Company

5. Goldman: Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 21st ed.,2000, W. B. Saunders Company

6. Mandell: Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, 5th ed.,2000, Churchill Livingstone, Inc.

7. The Merck Manual, 7th edition, by M. H. Beers et al., Whitehouse Station, N.J., 1999. Chapter 265.

8. MF Williams: Otolaryngol Clin North Am; Oct1999; 32(5): 819-834.

9. The Merck Manual, 7th edition, by M. H. Beers et al., Whitehouse Station, N.J., 1999. Chapter 106.

10. Ferri: Ferri's Clinical Advisor: Instant Diagnosis and Treatment, 2004 ed., Copyright © 2004 Mosby, Inc.

11. Rakel: Conn's Current Therapy 2004, 56th ed., Copyright © 2004 Elsevier

Last Modified: July 30, 2012